The Southwestern culture is very different from other cultures. Almost all of the land is desert. The weather is very dry and very hot and covered with cactus. The temperatures could reach up to 120 degrees during the day, but at night temperatures could drop all the way down to 25 degrees.An important natural resource is water. The Southwest Indians come from the states of Arizona, New Mexico, Southern Colorado, and the northern
part of Mexico. The people in this
culture have specific rules on how they use their water. People need to look out very careful whenever they see water so they can get every last bit of water they can find. The Indians
learn how to build systems of dams to store water. Water was not only used
for drinking but also they needed water to raise their corn, beans and
pumpkins. Animals are rare in this culture, this means that there aren't very many animals in the desert. Hunting was not a reliable source to find food, so the
Indians had to become farmers. Some important tribes in the Southwestern
Culture are the Anasazi, Hopi, and Pueblo Indians.
Languages Southwestern Tribes Listen to:
The languages of the WHOLE Southwest tribe include Siouan, Algonquian, Caddoan, Uto-Aztecan and Athabaskan
Music Southwestern Tribes Listen to:
All Native Americans tribes use flutes, ancient pan flutes, Indian drums, whispering winds, gentle rains, distant thunder, babbling brooks, birds and other animals to create inspiring music. These musical noises inspire the Indians that will take them on a journey that they will never forget.
Today: Ancient Practices and modern comforts are both the combinations of Native Americans today. Ancient coiling and glazing methods are used for Zuni pottery. Christen beliefs were shared in the Southwest. One tradition is the Katchina Dance.
The women made clay bowls, and then they decorated them with designs. The women used plants to weave baskets. The men made cotton blankets and clothing. The women dyed the cotton with orange, yellow, red, green and black dyes made from plants. Some people made sashes from cocoons. Children would grind corn using stones and other children would look out for their younger siblings.
They speak Tewa, Tiwa, Towa, Keres, Hopi, and Zuni.
In the southwest there isn't wide open land; it is uneven land with many mountains and mesas.Anasazi's built their homes close to a mesa. They live in buildings that look like an apartment that has 200 rooms and more than 400 Indians living there. The Anasazi's build their houses out of rock, they put mud between so the stones could stick together (they have windows but no doors). They enter by climbing the roof .Each family that lived in the houses had at least two rooms to themselves. The Indians helped each other by letting people from the neighborhood stay with them. The men would go to a special room for religious ceremonies called a kiva. A kiva is a round room built at the base of homes. But women were not allowed to go to the kiva only men could go. In order for the men to go in and out they had to take a ladder through the roof. Men would pray to the spirits for rain, good harvest and more.
The Anasazi's eat roots, berries, nuts, greens, cactus seeds, fruits, wild honey, hunted animals such as coyote, mountain lions, jackrabbits, gophers, squash, beans, corn, apples, and berries. They even sometimes made porridge and oatmeal out of ground up corn.
They used turkey feathers to make blankets and robes. Only few pieces of clothing have been found from the leftovers.